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Scientists Share Rare Photo Of 65 Foot Tall Lava Dome In Hawaii

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In 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey shared an incredible image of a giant lava bubble in Hawaii. However, the photo was taken nearly a half century ago, on Oct. 11, 1969.

The agency posted the photo to participate in the viral “Throwback Thursday” internet tradition, where people like to share old photos from their past.

The incredible lava bubble was reportedly 65 feet tall and originated at the Kilauea Volcano, one of the most active volcanoes on Earth.

This dome developed during the eruption of Mauna Ulu, which is a volcanic cone in the eastern rift zone of the Kīlauea volcano.

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The United States Geological Survey shared an amazing photo of a massive lava bubble at the Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii. / Photo Credit: The United States Geological Survey

According to the Hawaii Center for Volcanology, this site has been in an almost constant state of eruption since 1983.

Dome fountain of episode 10, October 10–13, 1969, eruption of Kilauea Volcano. This dome fountain is about 20 m (65 ft) high. Symmetrical dome fountains such as this are rare, the USGS said in the tweet.

The USGS said in replies that lava domes can grow as tall as 1,600 feet tall, but usually only get to about 30 to 320 feet.

Over that time period, a shocking 350 million cubic meters of lava was produced, which is enough to fill “140,000 Olympic-size swimming pools,” according to LiveScience.

The Kīlauea volcano is located along the southeastern shore of Hawaii. The volcano is between 210,000 and 280,000 years old and emerged above sea level about 100,000 years ago.

Since 1918, Kīlauea’s only prolonged period of rest was an 18 year pause between 1934 and 1952.

In 2018, the United States Geological Survey National Volcanic Threat Assessment gave Kīlauea an overall threat score of 263, and ranked it first among volcanoes in the United States most likely to threaten lives and infrastructure.

Only about 6% of volcano eruptions on earth end up forming lava domes.

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In this July 14, 2018 photo provided by the U.S. Geological Survey, lava from Kilauea volcano erupts in the Leilani Estates neighborhood near Pahoa, Hawaii. / Photo Credit: U.S. Geological Survey via AP, File

Lava domes are formed by thick magma bubbles that rise to the surface and pile up around the vent of the Volcano. Researchers from Oregon State University suggest that there isn’t enough pressure to cause a violent eruption, so the magma just piles up instead.

According to Wikipedia:

Lava domes grow by endogenic dome growth or exogenic dome growth. The former implies the enlargement of a lava dome due to the influx of magma into the dome interior, and the latter refers to discrete lobes of lava emplaced upon the surface of the dome. It is the high viscosity of the lava that prevents it from flowing far from the vent from which it extrudes, creating a dome-like shape of sticky lava that then cools slowly in-situ. Spines and lava flows are common extrusive products of lava domes.

Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi, which literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian and Javanese, is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces, Indonesia. This location has been continually generating lava domes for centuries.

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Members of a search and rescue team watch the volcano activity on Mount Merapi after its alert level was increased following a series of minor eruptions in Cangkringan, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, on May 22, 2018. Photo Credit: Reuters

In a blog post, Oregon State explained that Like lava flows, they typically do not have enough gas or pressure to erupt explosively, although they may sometimes be preceded or followed by explosive activity. However, unlike lava flows, the lava that forms domes is often to thick and sticky to flow very far, and thus instead pile up thick and high around the vent.”

Oregon state also noted that when lava domes are growing rapidly and becoming unstable they will often collapse and spawn large and deadly pyroclastic density currents.

In fact, pyroclastic flows due to lava dome collapse have been responsible for many of the largest volcanic disasters in history, including the 1902 destruction of St. Pierre on the island of Martinique. On May 8, 1902 the large and growing lava dome at Mount Pelée collapsed sending a large flow into the capital city of St. Pierre, killing all but two of the citizens.

Susan Claire graduated with a degree in microbiology from Ohio State University. Now she lives on the road, in a constant state of travel between research projects and studies. In her free time, she likes to write articles about the most cutting edge inventions, and most recent developments in science.

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Father Shoots Man Who Kidnapped & Raped His Son, On National TV

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In case you missed it: In 1984, a man named Gary Plauché killed a pedophile who kidnapped and raped his son, Jody. Considering the circumstances, the judge and jury showed leniency with Plauché and he was given a seven-year suspended sentence with five years of probation and 300 hours of community service, and he ended up serving no time in jail. The case was extremely controversial at the time, with many people arguing whether or not it was justifiable for Plauché to take matters into his own hands.

Plauché and his son Jody lived in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. When Jody was 11-years-old, between 1983 and 1984, he began taking karate lessons with a 25-year-old instructor named Jeffrey Doucet. At some point in their time together, Doucet began molesting the young boy. The abuse lasted for about a year until Doucet kidnapped Jody and took him to a motel in California in February of 1984. Police eventually caught up with the Doucet after he allowed Jody to make a phone call from the hotel to call his family.

On March 16th, 1984, Doucet was flown to Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport to prepare for his trial. Doucet was still in police custody and after he landed in Baton Rouge, he was led through the airport in handcuffs by a team of police. Plauché was waiting for Doucet with a gun in the airport, after getting a tip from a local news reporter about the flight schedule.

Plauché was waiting in the airport terminal near television crews and speaking on a payphone as all of the reporters were waiting for the kidnapper to land. He was wearing a baseball cap and sunglasses so no one would recognize him and prevent him from carrying out his mission.

As soon as Plauché saw Doucet, he took out his gun and fired a single shot, directly at the right side of Doucet’s head. In videos of the incident, Plauché can be seen firing the shot before he is restrained by officers who removed the gun from his hand and arrested him. Many of the police on the scene instantly recognized the shooter as the victim’s father and can be heard asking “Gary, why? Why, Gary?”

Doucet was taken to the hospital but died the next day from his injuries.

Plauché was initially charged with second-degree murder, but agreed to a plea bargain in which he pleaded no contest to manslaughter. He received a seven-year suspended sentence, with five years of probation and 300 hours of community service, which he completed in 1989. He ended up spending no serious time in jail aside from his initial time served. Plauché’s defense team argued that he was driven to a temporarily psychotic state after learning of the abuse of his son.

In August 2019, Jody Plauché released his book “Why, Gary, Why?”: The Jody Plauché Story, which details the case from his perspective. Gary Plauché suffered a stroke in 2011 and passed away in 2014 at a nursing home after another stroke, at the age of 68.

What do you think? Did Plauché do the right thing? Should he have spent time in prison?

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Man Used Internet Registry to Track down and Beat up Pedophiles

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A 43-year-old man, Jason Vukovich was sentenced to 23 years in prison, in February of 2018, for numerous assault and robbery charges. However, many people believe that Vukovich is actually a vigilante hero because all of his victims were pedophiles.

At one time, Vukovich called himself an “avenging angel seeking justice,” but has since shown regret for his crimes. Vukovich will be eligible to apply for parole once he’s served six years of his sentence.

It was revealed in court that Vukovich was a victim of abuse himself. In his testimony, he said that he was sexually and physically abused by his stepfather as a child. Vukovich now says that the rampage of revenge was not worth it. He now says that he takes “full responsibility for his actions.”

According to the charges, Vukovich found three different men through his state’s online sex offender registry list. This rampage took place during five days of violence in June of 2016. Vukovich reportedly knocked one of the targets unconscious by hitting him in the head with a hammer. He also robbed the man, going so far as to steal his laptop and his truck.

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Photo Credit: ADN

Prosecutors say that Vukovich had a notebook that contained a hit list with the names of pedophile targets, including his victims, Charles Albee, Andres Barbosa, and Wesley Demarest.

Superior Court Judge Erin Marston told him during his sentencing that “vigilantism is not something that we accept in America.”

Marston pointed out that the men who were hunted down and attacked in this case may have been guilty of terrible crimes, but they had already paid their debts to society and were required by law to keep their names on the registry.

In exchange for his guilty plea, prosecutors decided to drop over a dozen charges. In a five page letter to Anchorage Daily News, Vukovich made an emotional plea for other people to not turn to violence as he has.

“If you have already lost your youth, like me, due to a child abuser, please do not throw away your present and your future by committing acts of violence. There is no place for vigilante justice in an ordered society. I thought back to my experiences as a child and felt the overwhelming desire to act. I took matters into my own hands and assaulted three pedophiles,” Vukovich said in his letter.

I began my life sentence many, many years ago, it was handed down to me by an ignorant, hateful, poor substitute for a father. I now face losing most of the rest of my life due to a decision to lash out at people like him. To all those who have suffered like I have, love yourself and those around you, this is truly the only way forward.” the letter added.

In another interview, Vukovich insisted that he was not proud of his actions, and does not want to be celebrated.

“I’m far from perfect — a flawed and imperfect individual like everyone else. However, it’s important to me that someone else who was born and raised in Alaska who had a similar upbringing doesn’t end up with this outcome because quite candidly, it sucks,” he said in an interview with the newspaper.

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Jason Vukovich in court. Photo Credit: Loren Holmes / ADN

Ember Tilton, Vukovich’s attorney, says that he is a person who needs psychological treatment, not prison.

“I don’t think he needs to be punished. He’s already been punished. This whole thing started out as the punishment of a child who didn’t deserve to be treated in that way,” Tilton said.

Criminals do not take kindly to pedophiles, who are often targets for vigilantes, especially in prison. Last week, we reported that a notorious pedophile faced street justice while behind bars at a prison in Milan, Michigan. 40-year-old Christian Maire was sentenced to 40 years in prison for running a child exploitation and pornography ring.

However, the inmates at the prison decided that death was the proper penalty for his crimes. The medical examiner determined that Maire died of multiple stab wounds and blunt force trauma to the head. The incident is being investigated as a homicide, but no suspects in the case have been announced.

It is true that society would get very messy if everyone took justice into their own hands. However, the actions that some of these vigilantes take are understandable, considering that the law often lets these predators fall through the cracks.

In another recent story we reported on, a pedophile in the UK managed to avoid jail time after the third time of getting caught with a large stockpile of child abuse images and videos. On the final time he was caught, there were over a million files on his hard drive.

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The Locations And Names of the Top 100 People Destroying the Planet

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In case you missed it: The human species has a unique responsibility because they are the only creatures on this earth that possess the power to destroy everything living here. We also have the ability to save the planet too, if we take the correct actions.

We are self-aware creatures and when we are paying attention we can actually comprehend the impact that our actions will have on the world around us. We have put this sacred responsibility in the hands of governments and corporations who wish only to exploit the earth and everyone on it.

We look in the opposite direction as the most ruthless among us transform our beautiful planet into a toxic wasteland. At this time, we are doing a horrible job as a species in fulfilling our responsibility to our home, but the root of the problem is the greed of a small class of powerful corporations and political organizations.

The images below show some of the worst polluters according to the Carbon Majors Report, WRI, and the Forbes billionaire list.

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Photo Credit: Captain Planet Jordan Engel

“Houston tops this list as home to 7 of the 100 top ecocidal planet killers, followed by Jakarta, Calgary, Moscow, and Beijing. The richest person on the list is Russian oil magnate Vagit Alekperov, who is currently worth $20.7 billion. The map is in the form of a cartogram which represents the size of countries by their cumulative carbon dioxide emissions since industrialization,” good.is reported.

For the past century, there has been a consistent trend of manmade disasters resulting in tremendous environmental damage all over the world. These completely avoidable environmental disasters have all been a result of the greed and carelessness of big business and the military industrial complex. Oil companies are the worst offenders in this regard, as their industry is completely obsolete to begin with.

Clean, inexpensive energy is a very necessary possibility, so the fact that we are even still bothering with oil when we see all the problems it causes is completely insane from a humanitarian or environmental perspective. The only reason we are still using oil based products is that the people who maintain a monopoly over this resource spend billions to ensure that they are the only game in town.

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Photo Credit: Captain Planet Jordan Engel

Ironically enough, the same people that are responsible for most of this environmental degradation also set up nature based foundations and other phony environmental organizations. These organizations are used to launder money and to advance eugenics depopulation programs. The ruling class understands that human beings naturally have an interest in preserving the environment and typically will not question or criticize actions taken in the name of environmental protection.

The average citizens aren’t responsible for the majority of the world’s environmental destruction, nor are they responsible for the majority of the world’s carbon output. In fact, the 50 largest transport sea vessels produce more carbon than all the cars in the world. These are military vessels, oil tankers and other transport vehicles for corporations and governments.

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Photo Credit: Captain Planet Jordan Engel

Howard Zinn’s incredible research in his best selling book “A Peoples History of the United States Of America” reveals that “In 1992 more than a 100 countries participated in the earth summit environmental conference in Brazil. Statistics showed that the armed forces of the world were responsible for two thirds of the gasses that depleted the ozone layer. But when it was suggested that the earth summit consider the effects of the military on environmental degradation the United States delegation objected and the suggestion was defeated.

The general public is not to blame for the environmental crisis that stands before us, we have inherited it from the careless governments and corporations who suppress clean energy and are responsible for the vast majority of the world’s pollution.

Despite their obvious guilt, the perpetrators of these crimes place the blame on everyone but themselves and use their political power so they can actually benefit from all of the destruction that they are causing. At least knowing who they are is half the battle in the mission of holding them accountable.

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